Sensory integration is a distinctive neurobiological process when there is a dysfunction to this, the sensory input does not follow through to the brain correctly, leading to a variety of problems in development,
information processing and behaviour. This is common with people with autism and ADHD, and can be the underlying reason for behaviour such as; rocking, spinning and hand-flapping. In 2014 studies took place to identify whether sensory therapy, also known as sensory integration helps children with autism improve their daily functions. The results showed a direct correlation, as if you suffer from autism you will often have difficulty processing sensory information, being brightness, sounds, textures, movement and more, making daily activities difficult and overwhelming, but through sensory therapy, this can be improved.
The sensory integration theory focuses on the idea that through changing your experiences you can change the way your brain works. So, through sensory experiences, a person can gain a better ability to learn and function. Therapists practice sensory therapy through the use of play, designed to change a child’s brain when reacting to touch, sight, texture and sound.
Toys such as stress balls can help a child develop their senses as this helps them practice gripping their hands, along with catching and throwing the ball which adds motor skills and coordination, which requires an increase of concentration and attention. Sensory socks or eggs are also a useful form of sensory therapy as this gives the child a space to become aware of their surroundings, gives them alone time for relaxation and most importantly helps them grow their imagination. For more information on products which help with sensory deprivation visit our shop.